should

should
should [{{t}}ʃʊd]
ⓘ GRAM La forme négative should not s'écrit shouldn't en forme contractée.
modal auxiliary verb
(a) (indicating duty, necessity)
I should be working, not talking to you je devrais être en train de travailler au lieu de parler avec vous;
papers should not exceed ten pages les devoirs ne devront pas dépasser dix pages;
you really should call her, you know tu devrais l'appeler, tu sais;
they should be severely punished ils devraient être sévèrement punis
(b) (indicating likelihood)
they should have arrived by now ils devraient être arrivés maintenant;
I should have finished the work yesterday j'aurais dû finir ce travail hier;
the election results should be out soon on devrait bientôt connaître les résultats des élections
(c) (indicating what is acceptable, desirable etc)
I should never have married him je n'aurais jamais dû l'épouser;
you shouldn't have done that! tu n'aurais pas dû faire ça!;
a present?, oh you shouldn't have! un cadeau?, vous n'auriez pas dû! ou il ne fallait pas!;
you shouldn't laugh at him vous avez tort de vous moquer de lui;
you should have seen the state of the house! si tu avais vu dans quel état était la maison!;
you should hear the way he talks! il faut voir comment il s'exprime!;
should he tell her? - yes he should est-ce qu'il devrait le lui dire? - oui, sans aucun doute;
I'm very sorry - and so you should be! je suis vraiment désolé - il y a de quoi!;
why shouldn't I enjoy myself now and then? pourquoi est-ce que je n'aurais pas le droit de m'amuser de temps en temps?;
I don't remember - well you should je ne m'en souviens pas - eh bien tu devrais;
I didn't want to, but he told me I should je ne voulais pas, mais il m'a dit que je devais le faire;
I should perhaps say, at this point, that… à ce stade, je devrais peut-être dire que… + indicative
(d) (forming conditional tense) (would) I should like to meet your parents j'aimerais rencontrer vos parents;
if I were you I should apologize si j'étais à votre place, je présenterais mes excuses;
had you written to me I should have answered you si vous m'aviez écrit, je vous aurais répondu;
I shouldn't be surprised if they got married cela ne m'étonnerait pas qu'ils se marient;
I should say or think it costs about £50 je dirais que ça coûte dans les 50 livres;
I should have thought the answer was obvious j'aurais pensé que la réponse était évidente;
should you be interested, I know a good hotel there si cela vous intéresse, je connais un bon hôtel là-bas;
how should I know? comment voulez-vous que je le sache?;
I should think so/not! j'espère bien/bien que non!
(e) (were to → indicating hypothesis, speculation)
if I should forget, should I forget si (jamais) j'oublie;
I'll be upstairs should you need me je serai en haut si (jamais) vous avez besoin de moi;
suppose nobody should come? et si personne ne venait?;
should the occasion arise le cas échéant;
{{}}literary{{}} lest it should rain de crainte ou de peur qu'il ne pleuve
(f) (after "that" and in expressions of feeling, opinion etc)
it's strange (that) she should do that c'est bizarre qu'elle fasse cela;
I'm anxious that she should come je tiens à ce qu'elle vienne;
we decided we should meet at the station nous avons décidé de nous retrouver à la gare
(g) (after "who" or "what") (expressing surprise) and who should I meet but Betty! et sur qui je tombe? Betty!
(h) {{}}familiar{{}} {{}}ironic{{}} (needn't)
he should worry (about money), he owns half of Manhattan! tu parles qu'il a des soucis d'argent, la moitié de Manhattan lui appartient!;
I should worry! ce n'est pas mon affaire!

Un panorama unique de l'anglais et du français. 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • should — [ ʃud ] modal verb *** Should is usually followed by an infinitive without to : You should eat more fresh fruit. Sometimes should is used without a following infinitive: I don t always do everything I should. Should does not change its form, so… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • should — W1S1 [ʃəd strong ʃud] modal v negative short form shouldn t ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(right thing)¦ 2¦(advice)¦ 3¦(expected thing)¦ 4¦(correct thing)¦ 5¦(orders)¦ 6¦(after that )¦ 7¦(possibility)¦ 8¦(imagined situations)¦ 9¦(request …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • should — [shood] v.aux. [ME scholde < OE sceolde, pt. of sceal, scal, I am obliged: see SHALL] 1. pt. of SHALL [I had hoped I should see you] 2. used to express obligation, duty, propriety, or desirability [you should ask first, the plants should be… …   English World dictionary

  • Should — (sh[oo^]d), imp. of {Shall}. [OE. sholde, shulde, scholde, schulde, AS. scolde, sceolde. See {Shall}.] Used as an auxiliary verb, to express a conditional or contingent act or state, or as a supposition of an actual fact; also, to express moral… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • should — ► MODAL VERB (3rd sing. should) 1) used to indicate obligation, duty, or correctness. 2) used to indicate what is probable. 3) formal expressing the conditional mood. 4) used in a clause with ‘that’ after a main clause describing feelings. 5)… …   English terms dictionary

  • should of — This erroneous form of should have arises in all English speaking countries because the contracted form should ve is indistinguishable from it in speech. It is often associated with the speech of children or poorly educated adults: • Well, you… …   Modern English usage

  • should — should; should·er·er; should·na; …   English syllables

  • should've — [shood′əv] contraction should have * * * …   Universalium

  • should've — (should have) v. used to express the possibility that one ought to have done something …   English contemporary dictionary

  • should've — [shood′əv] contraction should have …   English World dictionary

  • should|n't — «SHUD uhnt», should not …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”